The 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded to the American poet Louise Gluck.
Gluck is the first American woman to win the award since 1993.
Contenders this year included the Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami, the Hungarian writer Peter Nadas, and the American writer Joyce Carol Oates.
Gluck is often described as an autobiographical poet whose works are emotionally intense written with precision and sharpness.
The Swedish Academy said Gluck was recognized for what it called her "unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal."